So much of this entire region is steeped in history from every possible stage of man’s development. Caylus is no exception, rather, it is rather a pearl for historians and lovers of all things ancient.
As a town it has survived fires and massacres being a target in amongst many other conflicts the Albigensian and Hundred Years Wars. In common with many local places it is clinging to the top of a hill and luckily it is surrounded on three sides by the steep slopes of the limestone plateau on which it rests. These slopes are wooded and the whole setting is very attractive. Caylus is considered by many to be the most charming of the towns that sit on the river Bonnette, itself a tributary to the river Aveyron.
The town’s importance grew in the Middle-Ages when it developed jurisdiction over many local towns and villages. Its freedoms and powers were granted in 1251 by Alphonse II, Count of Poitiers and of Toulouse.
In the town you will find all the usual amenities, places to eat, banks, bakers and a pharmacist. In common with the rest of the region the town is busy during the summer months and then retracts to a quieter winter period.
Quirky stone-houses line narrow, cobbled alleyways. Head for Rue Droite and Rue Dulong which are lined with half-timbered houses and then at the centre of the town you will find the Place du Marche with its impressive Halle (covered market) with its octagonal pillars. This is the location for the twice weekly market.
Whilst in town look out for the 14th century fortified church of St-Jean Baptiste which has an octagonal steeple and a stone spire and many interesting internal features.
Then there is the Maison des Loups - the House of Wolves – an old stone building with an impressive facade with four wolf-shaped gargoyles and decorative arches.
Photo credits (unless otherwise stated) Shutterstock and The Quercy Local